AT&T cutting 80K jobs. Carriers are gung-ho for SDN/NFV because it will be more efficient. Tens of thousands of people will lose their jobs at telcos, cables, and suppliers. In the long run, the economy benefits from the increased productivity, as do shareholders. But many of those fired will never get a decent position again, especially older workers.
There are no easy answers. AT&T is paying for extensive employee retraining, hoping linemen can learn to be programmers for cloud computing. They donated $million to Georgia Tech's innovative fully accredited online Master's in Computer Science and is paying tuition for employees. Some will be able to make the change. (xxx Get details from Times story.) Others