Dr Daniel Ritz, CEO of German cableco Tele Columbus, believes in "non-discriminatory opening of our networks" and "open access." It's made a deal for Telefonica to sell capacity on its cable and fiber networks. Telefonica
Backed by a half-billion investment by Morgan Stanley, Ritz intends to expand including FTTH. It has a natural edge-out possibility, with possible assistance from government money.
Competition has mostly failed in broadband except where network sharing is common. French prices are half the prices in the US, because network sharing (unbundling) has resulted in 4 competitors. Time Warner Cable proved two decades ago it's practical to share cable networks. I subscribed to Earthlink over Time Warner Cable, possible because of a condition in the AOL-Time Warner merger.